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Transylvanian coins - monede Transilvania

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Catalog: BETHLEN GABRIEL 1613-1629

BETHLEN GABRIEL 1613-1629

During he’s reign was minted the highest amount of coins in Transylvania.

In timpul domniei lui a fost batuta cea mai mare cantitate de moneda in Transilvania:

On 23 October, 1613, Gabriel Bethlen became Prince of Transylvania. Four days after Bethlen’s election, Gabriel Bathori was murdered, reportedly by hajdus in the pay of Ghiczy Andras. They disposed of the corpse in the Pece brook.

The style of governance in Transylvania underwent radical change, as Bethlen introduced orderly and sensible administration. Despite his rational and sustained pro-Turkish stance, the newly elected Prince failed to develop harmonious relations with Constantinople. He obtained an athname from the sultan endorsing Transylvania’s right to freely elect its prince, but this offered no guarantees and came with a price: in exchange for confirming Gabriel Bethlen as prince, the Porte demanded the transfer of Lippa and Jenő.

The claim put Bethlen in a quandary. Pasha Skender’s forces were already encamped on the border, and the newly elected Prince could not risk an attack. He initiated negotiations in Constantinople, and the surrender the fortresses was postponed, but only until the spring of 1616, when he had to gave up Lippa to the pasha of Temesvár (Timisoara). The surrender of the fortress represented a low point in the history of Transylvania.

Bethlen reorganized the domestic economy and monetary system, all without the involvement of the diet. The estates occasionally debated the monetary reforms, but only after these had come into effect, and usually in order to request that the new currency be accepted for taxes. Otherwise, the Prince bypassed the estates in conducting the affairs of state, and in generating the resources necessary for the functioning of a modern principality.

The state forged by Gabriel Bethlen has earned divergent assessments. It has been characterized as absolutist, or a peculiar variant of feudal centralism. However, the prince clearly did not adopt the orthodox, western European model of absolutism. The most striking difference was in the Transylvanian model of taxation: the imposition of taxes without reference to the taxpayers’ material circumstances sharply differentiates the Transylvanian political system from the typical forms of absolutism.


1613 – gold of 2 ducats, one ducat
1614 – one ducat gold, silver denar
1615 – gold of 2 ducats, one ducat
1616 – gold of 10 ducats, gold of 5 ducats, one ducat gold
1617 – one ducat gold, silver groschen klippe, silver groschen
1618 – one ducat gold
1619 – gold of 10 ducats, one ducat gold, 1/4 ducat gold
1620 – gold of 10 ducats, one ducat gold coin, 1/4 ducat gold, silver taler, silver groschen, silver denar
1621 – gold of 10 ducats, one ducat gold, double taler, taler, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen, silver denar
1622 – gold of 10 ducats, one ducat gold coin, silver double taler, silver double taler klippe, silver taler, 1/2 silver taler, silver 3 kreuzer, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen, silver denar, thick silver denar, silver obol
1623 – one ducat gold, 3/4 silver taler klippe, silver 24 kreuzer, silver dutka klippe, silver dutka, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen, silver 3 kreuzer, silver 2 kreuzer, silver denar, silver obol
1624 – one ducat gold, 1/2 silver taler klippe, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen klippe, silver groschen, silver 3 kreuzer, silver denar
1625 – gold of 5 ducats, one ducat gold, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen, silver denar
1626 – one ducat gold, 1/4 gold ducat, klippe of 4 silver talers, double silver taler, klippe of double silver taler, silver taler, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen, silver denar
1627 – gold of 4 ducats, gold of 3 ducats, gold of 2 ducats, one ducat gold, 1/4 gold ducat, silver 4 talers coin, silver klippe of 3 1/2 talers, silver klippe of 3 talers, silver 3 talers coin, silver klippe of 2 1/2 talers, double silver taler, double silver taler klippe, silver klippe of 1 1/2 talers, silver taler, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen, silver denar
1628 – gold of 10 ducats, gold of 2 ducats, one ducat gold, 1/4 gold ducat, silver klippe of 3 talers, silver 3 talers coin, silver klippe of 2 1/2 talers, double silver taler, double silver taler klippe, silver klippe of 1 1/2 talers, silver of 1 1/2 taler, silver taler, silver 1/2 taler, silver breitgroschen, silver groschen
1629 – one ducat gold, silver 3 talers coin, silver klippe of 3 talers, silver klippe of 2 talers, silver taler, silver 1/2 taler, silver breitgroschen, silver denar
1630 – one ducat gold, silver 1/2 taler, silver breitgroschen


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